TEACHING METHODS PDF
GENERAL METHODS. OF TEACHING. SESSION II. By Dr. Meskerem Lechissa. College of Education & Behavioral Sciences. Is the lecture a good method for medical teaching? “Lecture” is only a tool How & where & for what you use it dutytowarn.infos entirely on you. Method); Bonnie Mennell (Community Language Learning); Kathleen Graves ( Total ities, and additional classroom teaching techniques (Extension of the.
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𝗣𝗗𝗙 | This qualitative research aims to investigate the EFL teaching methods, approaches and strategies which would be found in English as a foreign. Teaching Methods. 1. Lecture by teacher (and what else can you do!) 2. Class discussion conducted by teacher (and what else!) 3. Recitation oral questions. In this piece, Dr. Herb Walberg documents effective teaching methods and examines which, if any, are implemented in class- rooms in the United States.
The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Your choice of teaching method depends on what fits you — your educational philosophy, classroom demographic, subject area s and school mission statement. Teaching theories can be organized into four categories based on two major parameters: Interested in developing your skills as a teacher? Explore online education short courses designed to give you an in depth understanding of various skills in teaching. Taken to its most extreme interpretation, teachers are the main authority figure in a teacher-centered instruction model.
Though a great way to keep students engaged and, at times, simply awake, very few classrooms employ kinesthetic learning activities exclusively. One upside is that kinesthetic learning is rarely based on technology, as the method values movement and creativity over technological skills.
Differentiated instruction is the teaching practice of tailoring instruction to meet individual student needs. It initially grew popular with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA , which ensured all children had equal access to public education. Today, differentiated instruction is used to meet the needs of all types of learners.
Teachers can differentiate in a number of ways: Some examples of differentiation include: Though differentiation is focused on individual student needs, it is mostly planned and implemented by the teacher.
Based on student investigation and hands-on projects, inquiry-based learning is a teaching method that casts a teacher as a supportive figure who provides guidance and support for students throughout their learning process, rather than a sole authority figure. Teachers encourage students to ask questions and consider what they want to know about the world around them.
Students then research their questions, find information and sources that explain key concepts and solve problems they may encounter along the way.
Findings might be presented as self-made videos, websites, or formal presentations of research results.
Inquiry-based learning falls under the student-centered approach, in that students play an active and participatory role in their own learning. But teacher facilitation is also extremely key to the process. Usually, during the inquiry cycle, every student is working on a different question or topic. In this environment, teachers ask high-level questions and make research suggestions about the process rather than the content. At the end of the inquiry cycle, students reflect on the experience and what they learned.
They also consider how it connects to other topics of interest, as an inquiry on one topic often results in more questions and then an inquiry into new fields. Inquiry-based learning can make great use of technology through online research sites, social media, and the possibility for global connections with people outside of the community. Expeditionary learning is based on the ideas of the educator who founded Outward Bound , and is a form of project-based learning in which students go on expeditions and engage in in-depth study of topics that impact their schools and communities.
The learning in this model includes multiple content areas so that students can see how problem-solving can happen in the real world--ideally, their own worlds.
A student in a big city, for example, might study statistics about pollution, read information about its effects, and travel to sites in their city that have been impacted by the problem. When they have a good understanding of the circumstances, students and teachers work to find a solution they can actively implement.
Technology-wise, G Suite Google Docs, Sheets, and Drive and internet access can aid student research, presentation, and implementation of projects. Personalized learning is such a new educational model that its definition is still evolving. At the heart of the model, teachers have students follow personalized learning plans that are specific to their interests and skills. Student self-direction and choice in the curriculum are hallmarks of personalized learning.
Assessment is also tailored to the individual: That way, students in personalized learning classrooms can progress to work beyond their grade level as they master topics, while students who need additional help have that time built into their daily schedules as well.
Personalized learning is extremely student centered, but teachers are required to lessons, look at frequent assessment data, and meet with students to make any necessary changes to their learning plans. Game-based learning comes from the desire to engage students in more active learning in the classroom. In a game-based learning environment, students work on quests to accomplish a specific goal learning objective by choosing actions and experimenting along the way.
As students make certain progress or achievements, they can earn badges and experience points, just like they would in their favorite video games.
Fortunately, there is software that makes this process much easier, like 3DGameLab and Classcraft. Teachers who use this software may be better at differentiating quests for students because of the data the programs provide.
But it is still very much focused on the student, who works at their own pace and makes independent choices in a gamified environment. Sponsored Program. Teachers Know Teaching Methods. Teaching Methods The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Teaching and Learning Strategies for Higher Education. Master of Science in Teaching at Fordham University. Show More.
Redou An. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Teaching methods pdf 1. Teaching MethodsHow to teach a language? Why learning methods? It is important to realise that teachers need toknow different approaches so that he or she canchoose the one that makes teaching morecomfortable and the learning process easier forthe students.
What are the methods? Larsen-Freeman presents several teaching methods: Which is the best one? It is goodto get to know them all to be able to choose thebest way and the best opportunity to use eachone of these methods. Now, we are going to talk about two of thesemethods: The grammar-translation method and The direct method 6. First of all The author of the book uses experiments toexplain how the methods work.
It is importantto try the methods in fact, not only study them. It is important to try the methods in class,because there are questions and answersthat the teacher will be able to see just ifhe applies the method. It is useful for literature situations, it means,basically, for written texts, comprehension.
It allows the teacher and the students to use themother language to translate and createreferences from one language to the other. Like this, the students become capable ofrecognizing similar constructions and built intheir heads the ones that are new. If the student can translate a text, both from hismother language to the target language andalso from the target language to his motherlanguage, then he or she is a successfullanguage learner.
How is the interaction in this method? There must be much interaction from teacher tostudents, a little student initiation and a littlestudent-student interaction. Student Teacher Student Student What are the emphasized language skills?
Teaching methods pdf
Reading Writing Pronunciation What is the role of the mother language? The mother language is used to make meaningsmore clear to the students.
And it is the language that appears the mosttime during the classes. When a mistake happens To finish: The most important thing about Grammar-Translation is that the students learn about thelanguage the rules of the language but they donot learn how to use it.
The Direct MethodThis second method we are about to explain,differently from the one we have just discussed,has one basic rule: No translation is allowed. In the class, the teacheruses only the Knowledge Demonstration of the target target language to language make theexplanations.
There is a great student-student interaction anda significant student-teacher one. Student Student Oral Communication Pronunciation Reading Writing It should not be used in the classroom.
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