Can stress cause miscarriage? Find more details here

Stress has long been suspected as a cause of miscarriage. Some studies have shown an increased risk for women who report high levels of emotional or physical turmoil in early pregnancy or shortly before conception. did not know exactly how stress in women could cause miscarriage.

In the final episode of the six-part documentary series on Netflix, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle opened up about how the Duchess suffered a miscarriage in July 2020. The sleepless night that caused the miscarriage.

Many studies have linked chronic stress to increased miscarriage rates, but the exact reason why stress increases the risk of miscarriage is unknown.

Experts say that the impact of stress on pregnancy is individual and everyone responds differently to stressors. Very high levels of stress can lead to worrisome symptoms such as changes in food intake and high blood pressure, which can adversely affect pregnancy.

A miscarriage or early miscarriage occurs in about 10% of known pregnancies. However, some estimates put the number even higher because many pregnancies end before they are even noticed.

Although there are several factors that increase the risk of miscarriage in women, including chromosomal abnormalities, maternal age, obesity, and alcohol and tobacco use, stress is thought to be the main factor.

An analysis published in 2017 found that the risk of miscarriage was significantly higher in women who experienced intense psychological stress.

However, most major medical organizations, including the World Health Organization (WHO), the March of Dimes, the UK’s National Health Service (NHS), and the National Institute of Child Health and Development, do not believe that stress is a direct cause of miscarriage. I don’t think

This is likely because several large-scale studies have not found a direct causal relationship.

How does stress affect pregnancy?

A large 2018 study published in Human Reproduction found no link between maternal stress and early pregnancy loss.

Another study found that maternal distress had no effect on uterine or umbilical blood flow. This means that stress does not affect the fetus’ access to nutrients or normal growth and development.

However, it has been found that stress can exacerbate the more common causes of miscarriage.

For example, a 2017 study in Scientific Reports found that while chromosomal abnormalities are a common cause of miscarriage, psychological factors such as stress can increase this risk by about 42%. Miscarriages are correlated with more chronic stress, such as stress from poverty, Pilliod said.

Researchers say the stronger associations are like lifelong chronic stress and disparities in socioeconomic status, racial disparities, and their nature.

Researchers hypothesize that the relationship between stress and miscarriage may have something to do with the hormonal effects of stress on the body. For example, prolactin, which stimulates the production of progesterone, is reduced by stress. Both hormones can be suppressed by stress.

Several studies in pregnant women have found that stress increases the risk of miscarriage. Stress can be caused by financial problems, job loss, busy work, marital or relationship conflicts, divorce, physical or emotional abuse, or the death of a loved one.

Women may also experience stress directly related to pregnancy, including fear of childbirth (called floor phobia) and anxiety about prenatal testing and the health of the baby. People can find various life events stressful. A woman’s perception of stress is more important than the actual number of stressors in her life.

Although the relationship between stress and miscarriage in humans is not fully understood, there is biological evidence to suggest that stress and miscarriage are linked. Activates the pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Studies on rodents have found that when the HPA axis is activated by stress, it affects the production of progesterone, a reproductive hormone involved in conception and maintenance of a healthy pregnancy. It is believed to increase the risk of miscarriage.

Other Ways Stress Affects Pregnancy

Stress can adversely affect pregnancy and infant health. When a woman experiences stress during pregnancy, the brain produces stress hormones that stimulate the immune system’s response. Antenatal stress, anxiety, and depression are associated with pregnancy complications such as preterm or premature birth, low birth weight, short birth time, preeclampsia, and gestational diabetes. Women who experience stress during pregnancy are more susceptible to infections and illnesses. Women who are under stress are less likely to prioritize self-care and may also be at higher risk of illness and infection.

In one study, 54% of participants who experienced high stress were born prematurely.

Stress can lead to inflammatory and chronic medical conditions such as cardiovascular disease. If the mother has any of these conditions, it can affect placental function and growth restriction.

most common cause of miscarriage

Unfortunately, miscarriages are fairly common. About 10% of pregnancies end in miscarriage during her first three months of pregnancy. But most of the time it’s due to problems out of my control.

The most common cause of early miscarriage is a chromosomal problem in the baby. Chromosomes carry the genes that babies inherit from their parents. A developing baby receives her one set of chromosomes from each biological parent. However, sometimes this process is flawed and babies have either too many chromosomes or not enough. When this happens, it often leads to miscarriage.

Certain factors can increase the chance of miscarriage. These include:

  • be over 35 years old
  • Those with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher
  • have a medical condition such as diabetes or high blood pressure

Other causes

A miscarriage can also occur due to:

  • uterine fibroids and scars
  • cervical problems such as cervical insufficiency
  • Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and syphilis
  • food poisoning, such as listeriosis
  • Exposure to harmful substances such as tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and environmental toxins

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and other authorities agree that stress does not cause early miscarriage. However, this does not mean that stress does not negatively affect pregnancy.

We know that ongoing stress can affect both mental and physical health. These effects during pregnancy can lead to complications that increase the risk of miscarriage.

How to reduce stress during pregnancy

Especially during pregnancy, it can be stressful. After all, a lot of things change at once, so it’s normal to feel anxious.

Perhaps work stress or even family stress is unlikely to cause a miscarriage on its own. But stress isn’t necessarily good for you.

What this self-care looks like depends on what you find relaxing, but it could include:

  • Make time for regular exercise (even if it’s just a walk in the park every day)
  • take a break
  • ask friends and family for help
  • Join a pregnancy support group
  • meditation
  • yoga practice during pregnancy
  • Make time for activities you enjoy

If you’ve had a previous miscarriage or miscarriage, you may find it harder than others to not worry about miscarriage, but remember about your stress level that being stressed won’t do you any good. please.

If you find it difficult to stop worrying, seeing a therapist or attending a miscarriage support group may also help.

The relationship between stress and miscarriage is not clear, but experts generally agree that the greater the stress caused by trauma, the more likely it is to affect health and pregnancy.

miscarriage prevention

Most miscarriages cannot be prevented. There may not even be any indication that it’s happening until it happens.

Additionally, even mild stress or work stress is unlikely to cause a miscarriage by itself.

Miscarriage is not your fault. It can happen for many reasons and there’s nothing to be ashamed of if it happens to you.

The best thing you can do is focus on taking care of yourself mentally and physically.

  • Taking prenatal vitamins
  • Receive adequate prenatal care (i.e., regular check-ups at the OB-GYN)
  • eat nutritious food
  • avoid foods that pose a danger to pregnancy
  • quit alcohol and drugs
  • Ask your doctor about any existing prescription drugs you are taking
  • reduce caffeine intake

Note: The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider if you have any questions about your medical condition or health objectives.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *