Study Finds Mediterranean Diet Lowers Risk of Fatal Pregnancy Condition
- Pregnant women who eat a Mediterranean diet have fewer complications
- Can reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia by over 25%
- The condition affects 1 in 14 pregnant women, including Kim Kardashian
Research suggests that mothers who eat the famous Mediterranean food during pregnancy have a lower risk of suffering from fatal pregnancy conditions.
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles, California, found that women who adhered to a diet had a 28% reduced risk of developing pre-eclampsia.
The condition affects 1 in 14 pregnant women, including Kim Kardashian and Mariah Carey. It occurs when a woman’s blood pressure reaches dangerously high levels during pregnancy, damaging the kidneys and liver.
The Mediterranean diet is widely praised by doctors and nutritionists for its ability to stave off heart and brain problems and promote the overall health of those who eat it.
Researchers found that women who ate a Mediterranean diet were significantly less likely to suffer from pre-eclampsia, a potentially fatal pregnancy condition (file photo).
The study, published Thursday at JAMA Network Open, includes data from 7,798 women.
Participating women who were pregnant with their first child were asked to complete a food frequency questionnaire during their first trimester.
The questionnaire focused on the women’s eating habits during the three months prior to the visit and asked them to report their general food and drink intake.
Responses were categorized into nine components of the Mediterranean diet: vegetables, fruits, nuts, whole grains, legumes, fish, monounsaturated to saturated fat ratio, lean and processed meats, and alcohol. .
Each level in a person’s diet was combined to calculate the Mediterranean Diet Score, which quantifies how much food a person ate.
Dr. Bello, director of hypertension research at Cedars-Sinai, said:
The findings show that a higher Mediterranean diet score was associated with a 21% lower chance of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Specifically, the risk of pre-eclampsia was reduced by 28% and the risk of gestational diabetes (when a woman develops diabetes during pregnancy) was reduced by 37%.
Professor Christine Albert, chair of the Department of Cardiology, said diet is a “critical lifestyle approach” to prevent the adverse effects of pregnancy.
This is of particular value for pregnant women over the age of 35.
“These findings add to growing evidence that a Mediterranean-style diet may play an important role in maintaining women’s health throughout their lives, including during pregnancy,” Albert said. shows.”
Long-term studies are needed to assess whether promoting a Mediterranean-style diet during and during pregnancy can prevent pregnancy complications and reduce future cardiovascular risk, Dr. Bello said. It says there is
Pre-eclampsia affects up to 8% of pregnant women worldwide. It is believed to be responsible for 15% of premature births in the United States.
About 76,000 maternal deaths and 500,000 babies die each year.