Professor Adetokunbo Fahamwo, professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Lagos State University School of Medicine, says that pregnant women can avoid constipation during pregnancy by eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Professor Fahamwo, Chief Medical Director of Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja, maintains an intake of fruits and vegetables to help with bowel movements.
The maternal health expert revealed this during an exclusive interview with punch healthwiseemphasizes that eating a healthy diet during pregnancy reduces the risk of cardiovascular complications.
Gynecologists have noted that bowel movements tend to be slower during pregnancy, and have encouraged expectant mothers to embrace fruit and vegetable intake.
Professor Fabamwo explains:
“It is recommended that pregnant women consume more fruits and vegetables for gastrointestinal activity. Pregnancy tends to promote constipation.
“The bowels tend to be sluggish during pregnancy. Also, because the uterus puts pressure on the intestines, pregnant women are prone to constipation.
“That’s why I recommend eating lots of fruit to keep your bowel moving freely.”
According to the American Pregnancy Association, constipation is a common problem during pregnancy, with nearly half of all pregnant women becoming constipated at some point.
Constipation is said to occur when there is pain or discomfort in the abdomen, difficult and infrequent bowel movements, and passage of hard stools.
“Constipation during pregnancy is caused by an increase in the progesterone hormone, which relaxes the intestinal muscles, allowing food and waste to move slowly through the body.
“Iron tablets can contribute to constipation. If you’re taking iron supplements, make sure you’re drinking enough water.
Professor Fabamwo pointed out that pregnant women are free to eat whatever food they want, but should not overeat.
“They are free to eat whatever they want.
“After all, pregnancy itself makes them big. They’re already going to gain 12.5kg during their pregnancy.
“Total weight gain during pregnancy averages 12.5kg. So you don’t need to overeat to gain 12.5kg to avoid cardiovascular complications.
“Now we also know that pregnant women may not be able to tolerate three meals, so we also recommend eating five meals a day evenly,” he said.
Regarding pregnant women skipping meals or having a vaginal delivery to deliver a small baby, the professor said the baby’s weight is determined by many factors, not the mother’s food intake. rice field.
Don said. A baby’s weight is genetically determined immediately after conception.
“Baby weight is a combination of factors such as father’s height, mother’s height and family characteristics.
“Whether she eats or not, the baby pulls a pound of meat out of her. So it is the woman who suffers, not the baby. The baby is still growing. We have a way to get all the nutrients we need.”
Obstetricians and gynecologists warned mothers not to starve themselves during pregnancy, pointing out that it was dangerous.
He urged expectant mothers to always eat healthy instead of joking around with their meals.
Eating well is one of the best things you can do during pregnancy, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
“Proper nutrition helps to cope with the extra demands placed on the body as pregnancy progresses. The goal is to get enough nutrients to support fetal growth and to maintain a healthy weight. It’s about finding a balance.
A 2014 article published in the PubMed Central Journal, “Association of fruit and vegetable consumption during pregnancy with reduced infant birth weight during pregnancy or gestational age birth weight: A systematic review of the literature.” , the authors say that maternal nutrition is recognized as one of them. Determinants of fetal growth.
The authors said that consumption of fruits and vegetables led to better pregnancy outcomes.
“Fruit and vegetable consumption is promoted as part of a nutritious diet and for the prevention of chronic diseases. It is lower than the recommended level, including the amount.
“Observational studies have found that overall dietary quality during pregnancy, or a pattern of dietary intake consistent with a nutrient-rich diet, is associated with a lower risk of birth compared with increased birth weight and gestational age.” , suggest a positive association with birth outcomes,” the authors said.