How to recognise and treat ectopic pregnancy before it becomes life-threatening

Pregnancy is a very exciting and interesting stage of a woman’s life. It promises new beginnings and happiness, but also a little anxiety. Unfortunately, for some women, the following abnormalities during this stage can be worrying: ectopic pregnancy1 in 100 pregnancies are ectopic and require urgent medical intervention. If this is ignored by the patient or doctor and not treated on time, it can be fatal.

Ectopic pregnancies can occur anywhere in the body, from the ovaries to the fallopian tubes to the cervix. However, 95% of ectopic pregnancies occur in ectopic pregnancies. Fallopian tubeSince none of these anatomical sites can support placental attachment or the developing embryo, the possibility of rupture or bleeding always remains. Rupture of an ectopic pregnancy is a true medical emergency.It accounts for 10-15% of the total maternal death and is the leading cause of maternal mortality in early pregnancy.

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

An ectopic pregnancy is called an ectopic pregnancy. This occurs when the fertilized egg implant is in the wrong structure and cannot support its growth. A tubal pregnancy is the term used to describe an ectopic pregnancy that occurs in the fallopian tube. In some cases, pregnancy may occur in the ovary or intraperitoneally.

The most frequent type of ectopic pregnancy, known as tubal pregnancy, occurs when the fertilized egg frequently gets stuck on its way to the uterus because the fallopian tubes become inflamed or malformed. Poor development of the fertilized egg and hormonal imbalance can also be the cause.

Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy

An ectopic pregnancy may initially present with symptoms similar to those of a normal pregnancy, such as a late period, breast sensitivity, and an upset stomach. Other indications may be lower back pain, unusual vaginal bleeding, mild pain in the abdomen or pelvis, and cramps. May. As soon as you experience symptoms such as unusual bleeding or pelvic pain, you should inform your gynecologist of the same. If delayed, the fallopian tubes can rupture. The danger is that when this happens, it causes significant internal bleeding that is not noticeable from the outside.

What Causes Complications?

● Women who have had an ectopic pregnancy in the past are more likely to have another pregnancy of this type.

● Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes and other nearby organs. This increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.

● Smoking just before conception increases the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.

● Abnormalities are more likely if the patient is over 35 years old.

● Women who have had pelvic or abdominal surgery are more likely to have an ectopic pregnancy.

● Have experienced endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, or STDs.

how surgery can help

If diagnosed early, many treatments are available. If the pregnancy is a fallopian tube, surgery can be avoided by using conservative medical techniques to save the fallopian tubes. If the pregnancy has not ruptured and the baby’s heartbeat has not yet formed, doctors may choose medical approaches that include giving injections, hospitalizing the patient, and allowing her to go home without health risks. Even if the fetus has not ruptured, the patient may be treated laparoscopically, but the heartbeat can still be felt (a small incision is made and the baby is scooped out). If the pregnancy has ruptured, it is necessary to undergo surgery.

How to ensure early detection?

Once a woman becomes pregnant, she should follow her doctor’s advice and have an ultrasound to make sure the baby is in the womb. Spotting an in-tube pregnancy isn’t always easy. You may notice it as it unfolds. Watch out for sharp pains, light vaginal bleeding, and bouts of fainting during your first pregnancy. If you are past 5 weeks pregnant and your doctor cannot detect an intrauterine pregnancy, your doctor should continue to rule out the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy. There are also tests. These tend to be lower overall in ectopic pregnancies. Observe them for several days for definitive results.

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