Preeclampsia and eclampsia in pregnancy: what are they?


Timely diagnosis is essential to avoid worrying consequences for mother and baby. For this reason, blood pressure should be monitored constantly.

Gestational hypertension and urine protein

It usually appears suddenly in the second half of the 20th week of pregnancy.

Early diagnosis, especially by controlling blood pressure and having regular urinalysis, is essential to avoid damage, even if it is severe.

Pre-eclampsia is very subtle and often affected women do not have specific symptoms.

There are two main symptoms that make her suspicious. Pregnancy hypertension above 140 maximum and minimum 90 and the presence of protein levels in the urine above her 290 mg / l.

Causes of preeclampsia

Although there are common injuries to the walls of the mother’s blood vessels and the placenta, the organ that carries oxygen and nutrients to the baby, the exact cause of this condition, known as pregnancies or gestational pregnancies, is still not known exactly. I don’t understand.

Damage to the walls of the maternal vasculature has two main consequences. On the one hand, toxic substances are produced that damage the maternal circulation.

On the other hand, the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the baby is disturbed and the baby suffers.

Preeclampsia or Eclampsia: What are the Risks?

Symptoms range from coagulopathy and systemic organ damage to progression to eclampsia, convulsions, loss of consciousness and, in some cases, cerebral hemorrhage.

Unfortunately, because of these very consequences, pre-eclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal death during pregnancy and childbirth, both in developing countries and in more developed countries such as Italy. am.

What are the risks to the baby?

The main risks are the risk of premature birth, plus the risk of growth retardation or stunting. In fact, if pre-eclampsia occurs, the only possible solution is to give birth.

The biggest problem is that the fetus, especially if it occurs very early in gestation, when its respiratory system is still immature and the risk of perinatal death is higher.

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