Pregnancy-related deaths more likely in states with abortion bans: research – The Hill


Story outline


  • A new report details striking racial disparities in maternal mortality.

  • Data show that babies born in states where abortion is prohibited are 30% more likely to die within the first month of life.

  • In contrast, maternal and infant health trends continue to improve in states with supportive reproductive health care.

Mothers living in states that banned abortion after the Roe v. Wade overthrow were up to three times more likely to die during pregnancy, during childbirth, or shortly thereafter, according to a new report from the Gender Equality Policy Institute (GEPI). Become. This research was first reported by his Axios.

Before the incident was overturned, the U.S. had the lowest maternal mortality rate in the developed world, and the highest mortality rate among women of color. According to 2018 data, a black mother’s maternal mortality rate was more than double that of her white mother.

But a new report from GEPI shows that the U.S. maternal mortality rate will nearly double from 2018 to 2021, and black women are nearly three times more likely than white women to die during pregnancy, childbirth, or shortly after childbirth. It’s doubled.

Native American women are also more likely than women of other races and ethnic groups to die during pregnancy and childbirth. 4.5 times more than mothers and 1.7 times more than black mothers.


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In the GEPI report, researchers classified states as support, restriction, or prohibition based on the level of support for reproductive health care. Maternal and infant health outcomes from 2015 to 2021 were compared using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the US Census American Community Survey and other sources.

After Roe’s overthrow, 6 in 10 women live in states that ban or curtail reproductive freedom, while 7 in 10 black women ban or limit abortion care. I live in a state where I live, the report shows. In addition, she was 30% more likely to die within the first month of life if the baby was born in a state where abortion is prohibited.

But “for those living in one of the 22 states that support reproductive freedom, the trend is largely positive,” wrote the report’s authors. , outstrips the health and well-being of people living in states that ban or restrict abortion care, which is true for nearly every indicator.”

Within six months of the Roe v. Wade overthrow, 15 states have banned abortion, and more are expected to restrict access in upcoming legislative sessions.

Data show that on nearly every metric, people living in banned or restricted states perform worse than those living in supported states. These states are also less likely to implement policies such as paid parental leave that can improve outcomes for babies and new parents.

“There are two Americas for people of reproductive age and their children,” the authors write. is the highest, and it is very likely that inter-state disparities will widen.”

Researchers also evaluated the impact of restrictive policies on teenage pregnancy rates. Her quarter of births in her teens living in states that prohibit abortion were nearly twice as high as her in states that pro-abortion.

Birth rates among white teens were 151% higher in states with bans than in states with bans.

“Nevertheless, Black, Latina, and Native American women in banned states have the highest teenage birth rates, indicating that denial of reproductive freedom weighs most heavily on women of color.” said the author.





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