Preventing pregnancy, STDs takes many forms | News

There are many options when it comes to contraception, and each new established method has advantages and disadvantages.

Contraceptive methods fall into different categories. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, permanent methods include tubal ligation (for people with fallopian tubes) and vasectomy, which prevents sperm from going to the penis.

Reversible methods include intrauterine contraception, a device placed in the uterus by a doctor. Oral contraceptives or hormonal methods such as “pills”, injections, skin patches, vaginal contraceptive rings and implants. Barrier methods such as diaphragms, male and female condoms, and spermicides. fertility treatments; and emergency contraception.

New to this list is an implant, also known as Nexplanon. Planned Parenthood says the implants (“small thin sticks” placed in the upper arm) are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy and last up to five years. However, this method does not prevent him from having an STD.

Darren Ward, a pharmacist at Cherokee Hills Pharmacy, said prescription birth control pills are the primary contraceptive method they offer.

“There are many different options for pills,” says Ward.

Since the COVID-19 pandemic, Ward said pharmacies have removed many classes of products, including condoms, from their front end.

Condoms not only prevent pregnancy but also prevent sexually transmitted diseases. Shannon Gower, a pharmacist at Tahlequah Drug Co., explained in February the importance of always taking precautions.

“I don’t think the brand matters as long as it contains the right spermicide and it’s not expired,” says Gower.

Latex condoms offer the best protection against sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. The most common STDs in the United States include HPV, chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, trichomoniasis, and HIV/AIDS.

“It helps protect you from STDs, which is one of the most important things,” Gower said. “Once you have it, it’s something you have to deal with for the rest of your life. It’s important to protect it.”

The Cherokee County Health Department offers several birth control methods at its Family Planning Clinic. These methods include oral contraceptives, Depo-Provera injections, Ortho-Evra patches, intrauterine devices, intrauterine systems, diaphragms, condoms, emergency contraception, NuvaRing, Nexplanon, and natural family planning. . Services are offered on a sliding scale based on income.

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For more information about the CCHD Family Planning Clinic, please call 918-456-8826.

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