Visual impairment or blindness
・ Learning difficulties
Pregnancy is an exciting time for a woman, but it is of great concern if the expectant mother develops an infection, as there is always the possibility of passing it on to her baby. are hepatitis B and C, toxoplasmosis, herpes, genital herpes, rubella, and HIV.Pregnant women are more severely affected by infections compared to non-pregnant women, says Dr. Vimee Bindra – Fertility Enhancement Surgery Specialist: Endometriectomy Surgery Specialist & Co-Founder “ENDOCRUSADERS” and Founder of the Endometriosis Foundation of India
Rubella is a viral infection. Your baby can be affected, especially if you contract early or early in the second trimester. Rubella can cause miscarriage, stillbirth, hearing loss, cataracts, and brain damage. It can be detected with a prenatal blood test. Pregnant mothers can be vaccinated for life if they are found to be immune.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through sex and direct contact with infected blood products. It can be easily detected by prenatal testing. Hepatitis B usually affects the liver. If the mother is positive for hepatitis B in her case, infectivity should be assessed by HbeAg testing. Active and passive vaccination of babies should also be ensured at birth.
Hepatitis C infects the liver and is transmitted through infected blood products, contaminated needles and syringes, and sexual contact. A pregnant mother can pass this infection on to her baby, but at a much lower risk than HIV or her hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis E infects the liver and is spread through contaminated water and food. In the third trimester of pregnancy, it is fatal and increases maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.
Toxoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by cat feces. This infection can harm your baby. So, if possible, avoid contact with cats and litter. Treatment can reduce the risk of your baby getting infected and the severity of the infection if it does occur.
Cytomegalovirus is a type of herpes virus. It is known to cause many problems in the fetus, including visual impairment, hearing impairment, and neurological problems.
Chickenpox can be dangerous for pregnant women and the unborn child, depending on which trimester the infection occurs. 95% of women have had chickenpox as a child and are therefore immune. A simple blood test can determine your immune status.
Genital herpes can be dangerous for babies, especially during childbirth. Treatment is possible in early pregnancy. Mothers diagnosed with genital herpes may be advised to have a caesarean section to avoid infecting the baby during labor.
HIV or retroviral infections are screened for as part of routine prenatal testing. A positive result requires counseling on how to prevent transmission to the baby and how to treat this infection during pregnancy and delivery.HIV can be passed to the baby during delivery. Treatment during pregnancy can reduce infections to less than 100 times her rate. Mothers with HIV are advised not to breastfeed their babies.
Parvovirus B is common in children and is characterized by a cheek rash. Also called slap cheek disease. Over 60% of women are usually immune, but it is a highly contagious infection that can be acquired during pregnancy. You can check your immune system with a blood test.
Sexually transmitted diseases All pregnant women should be screened for syphilis during pregnancy and given appropriate treatment to prevent congenital syphilis and other consequences such as miscarriage and stillbirth.
Infections stay in the body Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV are infections that are discovered during pregnancy and persist after childbirth. Herpes, toxoplasmosis, CMV, hydatid cysts remain dormant. These infections are lifelong if acquired during pregnancy. Even after these infections have been successfully treated, they have been found dormant in the body for long periods of time and can be detected by testing. Similarly, hepatitis B and C remain in the body for life. . It is very important that proper awareness is created about these diseases for women. Pre-conception pre-counseling sessions also provide brief information about these ailments and help women seek treatment before planning a pregnancy. As a result, women are more susceptible to certain infections, and their severity increases.