Which vaccine should be given during pregnancy and when?


What vaccines should be given during pregnancy?

Dr. Ashibadem. Sinasi Can (Kadıköy) Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Assoc. Dr. Şafak Yılmaz Baran provided information about angles made during pregnancy.

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) routinely recommends tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis, hepatitis B, and influenza vaccines for all pregnant women. With a favorable safety profile during pregnancy, these vaccines passively protect newborns and do not cause miscarriage. Associate Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist. Dr. Şafak Yılmaz Baran explains the importance of vaccination during pregnancy:

“influenza”

Influenza vaccine is another important vaccine recommended during pregnancy. Associate Dr Şafak Yılmaz Baran noted that influenza infections have different characteristics from hepatitis B infections and can be more severe during pregnancy. and may cause an increase in miscarriages,” he said. In addition to these, Assoc. Dr. Thus, Şafak Yılmaz Baran provides protection not only to pregnant women, but also to newborns under six months old. Influenza vaccination is recommended for pregnant women after the 14th week of the flu season (September to April).

“COVID19 vaccine”

A study conducted during the Covid-19 pandemic observed that the infection is more severe in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women. Application of the inactive Covid-19 vaccine has been found to be effective and safe for pregnant women and newborns at all stages of pregnancy, said Dr Şafak Yılmaz Baran. There is no evidence that Covid-19 vaccination should be delayed until the 12th week of pregnancy. Therefore, the vaccine can be administered at any stage of pregnancy. His one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine provides excellent protection against the original alpha her variant, but he needs two doses to maintain good immunity against the delta variant of the virus. am. The second dose will be given 8 weeks after her first dose. A dose booster (3rd dose) is recommended to provide the best protection against Omicron variants. ” Said.

“Tetanus and diphtheria vaccine”

Tetanus infection; can develop as a result of injuries, bites, car accidents, burns during pregnancy, or cutting or dressing the baby’s umbilical cord with unsanitary tools such as knives (especially in home births) Şafak Yılmaz Baran, Ph.D. In addition to these, it also prevents possible neurological problems in babies. Diphtheria is a disease that can have fatal consequences for the respiratory tract. The diphtheria toxoid vaccine is given along with the tetanus vaccine in the childhood immunization calendar. However, because childhood vaccination does not provide lifelong immunity, tetanus vaccination is repeated in pregnancy.

According to the Tetanus-Diphtheria Vaccines Calendar, Associate Dr Şafak Yılmaz Baran said: With this; he vaccinated 1 year after the 3rd dose, at least 3 months after the 2nd dose, and at least 1 year after the 3rd dose or in the next pregnancy and he 2 years. Again, according to the vaccination calendar. Vaccination at least one year after the sixth dose or in the next pregnancy provides protection throughout childbearing years. If she has previously received 5 full doses of vaccines and no booster doses have been given in the last 3 years, preferably between 5 and 3 weeks of gestation she should receive 1 dose . she told me

“Hepatitis B vaccine”

Associate Dr. Şafak Yılmaz Baran said: However, there is a risk of transmission to newborns. Thus, vaccinating a pregnant woman who had no immunity to hepatitis B infection during pregnancy reduces her risk of contracting the hepatitis B virus, which can cause serious problems in the newborn. Vaccines given at 0, 1, and 6 months of pregnancy protect both mother and baby after birth. ” He said.

“whooping cough vaccine”

Associate Dr. Şafak Yılmaz Baran recommends that for this reason, high-risk patient groups (health care workers, people living with immunocompromised patients, people living with or working with small children) should It said additional doses were recommended. Associate Dr. Şafak Yılmaz Baran noted that pertussis vaccine is recommended to be given after the sixth month of pregnancy.

“Watch out for vaccines during pregnancy!”

Not recommended during pregnancy: live vaccines carry the risk of infecting the fetus in the womb. Therefore, oral polio, measles, rubella, mumps, shingles, chickenpox, and tuberculosis vaccines are live vaccines and are therefore not recommended during pregnancy. Another vaccine not recommended during pregnancy is the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. Due to the lack of research on the HPV vaccine, it is not recommended to be administered during pregnancy, although limited studies have shown it to be safe.

Apply as needed: pneumococcal, hepatitis A, meningococcal, inactivated polio, hemophilia influenza vaccine. Among the vaccines recommended for vaccination according to various risk factors, requirements, and age factors. However, the safety of these vaccines for the fetus is unclear. For example, pneumococcal vaccines and hemophiliac influenza can be given to high-risk individuals, such as those with chronic illness or immunocompromised patients, as needed.

Completed before conception: A prospective mother is tested for immunity against infectious diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox. Pre-pregnancy vaccinations are completed if immunity is not present. Pregnant women who have never had these infections before or who have no immunity to developing these diseases can have adverse effects on their pregnancy and unborn baby.



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