Why Simultaneous Use Of Marijuana & Alcohol During Pregnancy Is Risky, New Research Paper Explains

An increasing number of pregnant women are using cannabis to relieve unpleasant symptoms such as nausea, pain and morning sickness. A study published last year in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse found that pregnant women were about 4.6 more likely to use cannabis in legalized areas than in places where only CBD was allowed. It was twice as expensive.

Even if cannabis becomes more acceptable and its legal use becomes more widespread, expectant mothers need more education about safe cannabis use during pregnancy. After all, when it comes to alcohol, which is legal under federal law, pregnant women are strongly advised to abstain.

Previously, researchers found relationships between cannabis use during pregnancy and autism, childhood psychosis, anxiety, aggression, and hyperactivity in children.

A research paper now explores the concomitant consumption of cannabis and alcohol on fetal development in light of increasing cannabis use in the general population.

Investigation result

A recent review published in Experimental Neurology builds on findings that SAC use leads to changes in fetal brain development.

Researchers emphasized that SAC use increases the effects of each drug on the body and cravings for both substances.

In one study conducted in mice and rats, exposure to the two drugs reduced food consumption and weight gain during pregnancy in the offspring, especially the mother.

“In mice, SAC resulted in 100% pup resorption, and no litter produced viable pups after maternal caesarean section,” the study showed. “It should be noted that in rats, the resorption rate was about 75%, but the window of drug exposure in the latter experiment was shorter than in mice.”

Cannabis use during pregnancy is also associated with low birth weight in humans, mainly when parents used contaminated products.

In addition, research papers show that some children with SAC show reduced hippocampal neurogenesis (the process by which new neurons are formed in the brain), increased impairment of long-term memory, and changes in hippocampal structure and function. has changed.

However, the researchers say more research is needed that focuses on SAC consumption patterns, including timing and method of administration and drug concentrations.

To that end, the FDA recently indicated its intention to investigate whether CBD can be safely consumed daily or during pregnancy, Patrick Culnoyer, director of the FDA’s Office of Cannabis Strategy, told the WSJ.

Photo: Courtesy Peter Pike by Pixabay, Dhemer Gonçalves by Pexels

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