Your Health: Navigating pregnancy with Type 1 diabetes


A generation or two ago, women with type 1 diabetes were often advised to avoid pregnancy because of the health risks to both mother and baby. Now, with advances in medicine, careful planning makes it safer.

For 25-year-old Elon Burns, little Robert is the center of her world.

“He’s just a happy, healthy baby,” Elon Burns said.

When Barnes first found out she was pregnant, she knew she had to work hard for his health and her own. Barnes said she was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes 10 years ago.

“I actually had just learned about diabetes in high school biology,” Barnes explained.

In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin, and patients may experience blurred vision, frequent urination, and extreme thirst.

Elon Burns explained, “There isn’t enough water in the world right now to quench this thirst.”

It’s important for women to plan before they get pregnant, says Rachael Oxman, a diabetes specialist and endocrinologist at Mercy Medical Center.

“The first trimester is a really tricky time in pregnancy. It is during this time that the baby forms all its organs and we want our baby to have a healthy spine and a healthy heart. Diabetes control directly contributes to these things,” she said.

Dr. Oxman added that patients should have an A1C or average blood sugar level of 6% or 6.5% or less during the first trimester. Told.

“It doesn’t cross the placenta. It doesn’t reach the baby,” Dr. Oxman said.

Burns also used a continuous blood glucose monitor to closely monitor his blood sugar levels.

“I had to be a very well-behaved diabetic, to say the least,” Barnes added.



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